the botanical name Monarda derives from that of the Spanish doctor Nicolaus Monardes (1493-1578), one of the founders of the new pharmacognosy.
Monarda is an interesting officinal plant, but little mentioned in phytotherapy books. Instead, it is better known as an ornamental plant. For medicinal purposes, tubular and bilabiate flowers are used (Monardae didyme flores) and leaves (Monardae didyme herba) dried, harvested at the time of flowering, with which an herbal tea known as "Oswego tea" is also made. The drug contains anthocyanins (monardine 0.3-1.3%), essential oil, phenols (carvacrol, thymol).
It is used in homeopathy, to aromatize refreshing drinks, to lower fever, as a digestive and, thanks to its bright color, to give a colorful note to herbal teas.